Catalogue and magic properties of the stone -->rus
Description characteristic of the mineral.
Crystals are hexahedral prisms. Silicate of beryllium and aluminium of Be3Al2Si6O18, possessing the most various color. Jewellers name a beryl only yellow and rose varieties. The color of stone depends on the admixtures of connections of magnesium, iron Fe, chrome, manganese. Not containing the admixtures of Beryls colourless. Berillami in narrow sense of this term name usually light-greenish and bottle color variants of these stone. Color of greenish-white, yellow, gold, yellowish-green, the own names have other coloured varieties: transparent intense-green chrome-bearing is an emerald, blue (greenish-blue) - Aquamarine, golden-yellow, gold with the admixtures of uranium - Heliodor, pink, rose caesium-contain - vorobyevite (Morganite), very rarely meetings red - bixbyite, colourless - roasterite (goshenite), dark blue maxis-Beryl (unstable colouring). Precious varieties: emerald (intense-green), Aquamarine (blue), Heliodor (gold yellow), vorobyevite (pink, rose).
Most typical Beryls - opaque, turbid chlorine Beryls pegmatites. They are from a few centimetres to the whole meters, mass at times arrives at them a few tons. They do not present a jeweller value. Unjeweller Beryl has an enormous value. It is basic ore of beryllium, widely applied in a modern technique. In addition, today unjeweller pale greenish Beryls, in which from above incrustation skim of synthetic emerald, began actively to insert in decorations from silver, giving out them for inexpensive emeralds. The ennobled is widely used an irradiation or heat treatment of Beryls. Greenish Beryls with cracks can saturate with oily dyes with the purpose of delivery them for emeralds, for verification it is enough to use any domestic solvent of fat (detergent or liquid for fat doing dishes in cold water).
One of dearest beryls is an emerald of intense-green, that Beryl, painted a chrome. It differs from an usual green beryl that green Beryl - pale, his colouring is created the admixtures of iron Fe or vanadium, but not chrome. Solidity of beryl varies from 7,5 to 8, thus emerald some more soft, than other varieties. Like most jewels, Beryl is very fragile and easily split and covered cracks. Turbidized, opaque from cracks stone name mossy.
Noble Beryl as jeweller stone was used from old times due to unique beauty of color of his varieties. The structure of beryl consists of rings [Si6O18], united through the atoms of Be and Al. Rings are formed by prolate along hexads column. Microchannels in the crystal of beryl can contain the molecules of water, ions of caesium and sodium. The crystals of beryl are often characterized a regular shape. In water of Beryl insoluble, steady in acids (except for hydrofluoric acid). Beryl - most widespread mineral beryllium. The mine deposits of jeweller beryls are known in Brazil, Mozambique, Republice of south Africa, Madagascar, Namibia, USA, Sri Lanka. There are they and in the CIS. Due to the various and beautiful colouring, since olden times enormous popularity is used transparency and brilliance of Beryls.
For them used, mainly, step (emerald) or classic diamond cutting, at treatment it is necessary to take into account pleochroism. In the past in wares for strengthening of colouring of the cut stone under Beryl often underlaid foil. Opaque stone and stone with asterism or effect of cat's-eye process in form cabochons. Large crystals, for example aquamarine, use for making of different figurines of large sizes.
Colourless jeweller Beryls meet enough rarely. Large practical value as colourless Beryls does not have jeweller stone. On the whole they interesting for collectors.
Magic properties of stone.
All of Beryls are the active explorers of energy and space influences, and also, by virtue of it, by powerful defenders. That Beryls is used as talismans, amulets and guard, possessing great curative forces here. Stone attract to the proprietors success, prosperity and riches, guard a house and purge space from unkind essences and people, doing a road to achievement of aims free of negative influences. If to carry Beryls long, they correct the tangled situations and in general considerably improve life of proprietor. They incline the owner of power of the powers that be on a side, open all of doors, carry out wishes. Beryl - sacred stone, relating an owner with all of universe, opening secrets, cooperant spiritual perfection. It releases a proprietor from dirt and impurity, all of bad, that is "purchased" humanity, returning an owner to the sources of light. Beryl - superenergy stone, and in an emerald these properties are most strong. Straight Beryls and emerald is related to constellation of Big Dipper and with Pole-star; these stone know all of secrets of the universe and history of humanity from times from Paradise and to contemporaneity.
Poisonous and radioactive risky hazardous cargo stone and minerals
** - are poisonous stone and minerals (mandatory verification is in the chemical analysis laboratory + on toxicity)
** - are radioactive stone and minerals (mandatory verification on a regular dosimeter + prohibition on the opened sales in the case of radio-activity over 24 milliroentgens / hour + additional measures of protection of people)
All of rare stone are subject obligatory verification on a regular dosimeter on the possible level of radiation and in a chemical laboratory on absence default of poisonous and evaporating components, dangerous for a human people and environment nature
- Free download article Very dangerous and potentially dangerous stone and minerals are in Medical stone therapeutics, with pictures, 2010 year, format of PDF, 2.80 Mb (Presentation from scientific of author K.305 of pictures of very dangerous and potentially dangerous natural stone and minerals which on a bad motive or criminal indifference can be illegally used in criminal and "underground" "Medical stone therapeutics"). Rus langv.
A catalogue of stone is all of stone in alphabetical order
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