Catalogue and magic properties of the stone -->rus
Description characteristic of the mineral.
Fluosilicate of aluminium of Al2(OH, F) 2SiO4. It is various flowers and tints due to admixtures, clean topaz of colourless, but yellow, rose and blue topazes are most valuable. Topazes burn down in the bright sunshine and can fully lose the color (discoloured), topazes of blue color are especially sensible. Energy of sunbeams, filling in the lacks of crystalline lattice, discolours crystals. Topazs, found on-the-spot earth, are usually colourless therefore.
There are also topazs polychromatic, with a transition from one color to other (for example, from blue to yellow and brownish, again to blue and further to colourless). Topazs often are unevenly painted. Clean topaz is colourless chemically, it is painted by compounds of titan, iron ferrous and chrome. Topazes find including in Ukraine (CIS), where his supplies suffice and he be found as crystals and continuous arrays, and on territory of the CIS (it precious and beautiful stone, having clean colors and transparent tints only, today accessible in one or another kind for most Ukrainians). Transparent, beautifully painted topazes are wonderful jeweller stone.
Colouring of the unennobled topazs never is sharp, "chemical". It is always very natural and soft. Smoke-coloured, smoke-coloured-brownish and smoke-coloured-goldish topazs are not: in trade smoke-coloured-grey stone name smoke-quartz, but it - far less dear Quartzes (oxides of silicon), which sometimes are for a sale very expensive at price of natural topazes. Topaz notedly harder quartzes (smoke-quartz, quartz mountain crystal, Amethyst, citrine), it can not be scratched slightly the crystal of quartz (mountain crystal), topaz is abandoned by track on a quartz and scratches glass during a leadthrough by him on a surface.
Topaz since olden times came into the notice of people. It is characterized the special internal game of light, reminds lightness and transparency of drop of morning dew. On Ural in the district of Ugalinskikh of lakes on one of the most ancient stands of primitive people (Small Ugaly II) were found out wares from a mountain crystal and topaz - queen cell, being thin narrow plates as blades (pricking out of topaz).
The crystals of topaz differ on crystallomorphologia not only on different deposits, but sometimes even on their separate areas. Topazs meet as single-crystals, Druses or grainy dense aggregates. A size of crystals can be different. The most large register in emptinesses, where mass arrives at them ten and even hundreds of kilograms. In 1965 in pegmatites of Volyni was found wines-yellow, gold crystal by mass 117 kg, measuring 82õ37õ35 sm. Colouring of this unique crystal is uneven: central part of yellow, peripheral - wine-yellow. A head is clean, transparent, bottom base is turbid from plenty of including. Unfortunately, a crystal was not saved. Crystals a few ten of kilograms meet mass in this deposit enough often. Presently pegmatites of Volyni are the unique source of jeweller and technical topaz in Ukraine. Crystals of topaz more than one hundred kilograms were marked mass and in Brazil. In Norway topaz was found by mass 64 kg. Mass of the most large topazes of Ural arrived at 32 kg.
The blue colouring of topazs of Volyni is not uncommon in the zonally painted crystals. Sometimes colouring sharply changes from wine-red to rose, golden-gold yellow, inconspicuous- and brightly-blue, disposed zonally and creates inexpressible combination of tints of before sunset sky. Scopes between areas can be rectilineal, oriented parallell to the verges of prism, or diffuse. There are crystals with blue or light colouring in central part, transitory in rose-red in peripheral. There can be a reverse zonality in other crystals: intensive wine-red colouring in central part and brightly-blue - in external. Rose topazes meet very rarely. The large crystals of topaz of intensively-red color are found in Pakistan, inconspicuous- pink, rose-coloured topazes are there met. Found out rose-smoke-coloured topazs in pegmatites of Volyn. Gold-, honey yellow - and wine-yellow topazes are known in Brazil, saffron-yellow gold - on isle Sri Lanka (Ceylon), light wine-yellow - in Saxon Vogeza.
Pleokhroizm at topazs is distinct. In blue topazs (especially with a greenish tint) weak pleochroism registers on a chart: blue - colourless or cyan blue sky-green- green, thus the more distinct, than green tint is brighter expressed. Some yellow topazes possess pleochroism: from light- to darkly-yellow or yellow -red. Brilliance of topazs is glass, on the planes of cleavage of crystals - sometimes with a mother-of-pearl ebb. Mohs hardness 8 (flat plane).
The crystals of topaz have a characteristic feature: almost at all from them from below flat bottom. A crystal always perfectly stands on an even smooth and shiny horizontal surface, look like one verge. But this false verge actually chip on cleavage. At topaz cleavage, square to the vertical ax of crystals is perfectly shown. Often on cleavage the top of crystal is split off. It is often possible to meet pricking out on cleavage are large and shallow plates of topaz. Cleavage stipulated two features of original appearance of mineral: mother-of-pearl brilliance and step fracture. And that, et al present exactly on cleavage chip split, because on verges brilliance of topaz is bright, glass, near to to diamond.
Topaz easily electrified from a friction, compression and heating. The degree of electrization depends on a deposit. For example, topazes of Shnekkenshteyna are electrified at stroking of crystals fingers, and for excitation of electrization in some topazs of Brazil there is the enough weak pressing on fingers. Topazs contain gas, liquid and gas-liquid inclusion, disposed in cracks, ductings or as separate bubbles.
At treatment topaz the various cutting is given: diamond, emerald, fantasy, oval, cabochon. A screw-thread is sometimes used on a stone. Presently widely topazs are in the whole world used not only with the natural but also artificially got colouring, especially rose and blue. Recognition of such ennobled topazs is very laboured. Beyond measure the deep dark blue color of topaz in jeweller wares can talk about his irradiation and possible imported origin (all of the imported topazs in factory jeweller wares are usually radiation-exposed). In time the artificially radiation-exposed topaz burns down and discoloured partly, and the natural saves the color usually. Yellow topaz easily can be entangled with a citrine.
From considering of safety we do not recommend to acquire in private home collections the transparent defect-free (without visible internal defects) standards of topazs and other transparent zero-defect stone measuring more than 1,5 õ 1,5 õ 1,5 sm - them can officially equate to jeweller raw material and licensed type of activity. If a standard is thin (without depending on the degree of unfailing, thinner 1,5 sm) - without depending on an area and other sizes he is not raw material for jeweller industry in principle.
Magic properties of stone.
It is considered that a people, carrying topaz, is always adjusted optimistically. It grants beauty women, and to the men is wisdom. Topaz traditionally can be the talisman of travelers, especially useful at marine journeys: topaz can calm storms. However much stone pacifies not only nature but also human mutual relations, waking up even in old competitors spirituality and bringing them over to the consent. However much some advise to have topaz in trips: it attracts natural moods exactly in an order to rotin the power. But it is necessary to remember that it is possible to agree with any stone. Stone - a talisman, releasing from stormy passions of both love and vital situations, brings prudence and predisposes a proprietor to kind businesses; talisman of criminal lawyers, investigators, secret agents. Topaz is instrumental in triumphal advancement of the proprietor on "all of fronts", improves domestic life, strengthens a foresight. According to statement of magicians, topaz releases a people from violent and dangerous passions, gives in him the mood of serene pleasure life, intensifies the taste feelings. That, who borned in November, topaz gives faithful friendship and love. In antiquity topaz was named the stone of the internal brightening.
It is impossible to mix up in connection with the name veritable topaz with Smoky Quartz (smoke-coloured quartz, outdated - Smoky Quartz) and in magic interpretation, because Smoky Quartz (smoke-coloured Quartz) enters a people in paradise of fools's and stimulates prophetic sleeps (which it is possible unright interpre), absorbs in itself external negative energy, it stone not for all. Topaz is actual opposition Smoky Quartz in the aspects of magic, not mix up them never.
Therefore a patriotic (as for Ukraine, CIS) motto slogan device actual for stone topazs: "Buy purchase of the Ukrainian !!" - Zhitomir region, Volodar-Volynskoe pegmatitic field of west of the Ukraine, CIS. On even plates of the Ukraine topaz (even chip on cleavage facet) collect modern computer powerful 32-bit processor microcircuits (computer "brain", computer machine "cerebrum"), as manufacturer producer factory "Intel", "AMD" (USA, North America) and other. In more detail about sliding seats and materials in capital city Kiev, Ukraine, CIS read scientific theoretical and practical conference of the manufacturer "Intel-2006" http://www.mat.net.ua/computer/intel2006/intel-2006-slides.htm
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